Feature Article: The link between HIV and Violence Against Women


Published in The Female Report October 29, 2013

Sometimes studying sociology can be depressing, reading enormous amounts of information that usually tell a sorry tale of persistent and current inequalities against women.  One of the biggest issues continues to be the use of violence (and sexual violence) to maintain and sustain a power imbalance between men and women that limits a woman’s ability to negotiate safe sex.

I thought long and hard about posting this paper, but what I have noticed since studying Sociology is that much of the information that is actually informative resides in academia and is not accessible to everyone.  It is the accessibility of this information that I think will help to change our societies for the better, so I have resolved to post as much as I can for others to share.  Due to copyright laws, in many cases I can’t post the full articles, but I can reference them in my own writings and this is one of those articles.

One of my current study subjects is “Gender, Power and Globalisation”, and this subject means I am wading through reams of documents with startling statistics about the intersection of violence against women and the spread of HIV AIDS.  This is information that many of us are unaware of, and whilst women in countries like Australia, the United States and United Kingdom argue that they have already achieved full parity with men, alarming statistics indicate the large majority of women and girls in many countries are very far from equal.

Interestingly, I found some startling similarities in the way these situations arise and are managed by policy makers that could apply to all of us.  Many of these women and girls are in fact, becoming more vulnerable to violence, subordination to males and increased health risks, due largely to the increased migration and movement of people as a result of globalisation.  This vulnerability is particularly evident when it comes to HIV AIDS for women in cultures where they are not equal, or lack access to education and support services.  In a journal by the United Nations Development Fund for Women, UNIFEM 2008, one author cites the following statistics;

“In its 2007 AIDS Epidemic UpdateUNAIDS estimates that globally the proportion of women to men living with HIV remained stable between 2001 and 2007, although the number of those infected increased by about 1.7 million. Behind this statistic however, UNAIDS reported a complex mix of sexual realities, including HIV transmission to women from men who were infected through unprotected sex, including unprotected paid sex and/or sex with other men, and/or unprotected sex with people who use drugs.

see the full article here http://femalereport.wordpress.com/2013/10/29/feature-article-the-link-between-hiv-and-violence-against-women/

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Contemporary Global Perspectives on Gender Economics


Publication by Susanne Moore

Publication by Susanne Moore

Moore, S. (2015). Contemporary Global Perspectives on Gender Economics (pp. 1-357). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-8611-3

The rise of women in the workforce has led to many campaigns for wage equality, and for the impartial treatment of both sexes as they pursue careers previously designated as either a man’s or a woman’s job. The impact of these campaigns has been felt, but a sense of gender stereotyping still affects not only the social and cultural well-being of the modern organisations, but the drive for innovation and economic success as well.

Contemporary Global Perspectives on Gender Economics challenges current economic theory, targeting the way gender is often used for economic gain or increased market share. Experts realise that company growth can no longer be achieved by taking a conventional approach, but few follow through with introducing new frameworks that change the way diversity is treated. By acknowledging that issues like childcare and the wage gap are not only a woman’s challenge, this book speaks to legislators and policymakers, economic developers, corporate practitioners, educational faculties, and students of all disciplines who are looking to change the way gender is viewed in the workforce.

This essential reference source features chapters that combine the concepts of gender theory, sociology, and economics and cover topics including economic equality, gender bias, the history of gender economics, industrial creativity, and the impact of social connectedness on life satisfaction.

Rio Tinto boss Sam Walsh is right but women’s confidence isn’t to blame 


 / JUL 06, 2015 10:00AM

Rio Tinto boss Sam Walsh is right but women's confidenc...

Rio Tinto’s boss Sam Walsh is dead right when he says, “We’re missing out on 32% of the talent that’s out there”, because of the gender gap in his company. But women’s lack of confidence isn’t to blame.

Walsh said he “is looking to fill the company’s senior ranks with more women”, but says “female employees need to be more confident”. Rio Tinto’s latest Workplace Gender Equality Agency report for 2014-2015 shows Rio’s overall female participation at 18.5% of the workforce and with a slightly higher rate of 22.6% as female managers and executives.

This is on par with the resources industry average of 17% female participation overall. The good thing about resources is that they know that they have a gender balance problem, and they want to fix it, not just as a feel good measure but because they know that it will increase productivity and performance. The Centre for Gender Economics and Innovation works with the Australian Mines and Metals Association (AMMA) to roll out the  AWRA recognised program™ to increase women’s participation in that sector.

Walsh offers the idea that women don’t always have the confidence to come forward; unlike men who can be over confident when it comes to their ability, women might hang back and not feel confident enough to promote themselves in the same way as men. Whilst this might be the case for some women, it is a generalisation and an oversimplification of the issue.

The issue of women not being more visible is a result of long entrenched structural barriers in the way that we design and manage companies, behavioural expectations for leaders and cultural norms that can hamper women.

I have interviewed many hundreds of men and women in my work and have found that many women still constrain themselves as the family’s primary carer, even when they are being offered a senior promotion at work.  This often converts to a supporter mentality that, when coupled with a woman’s more collaborative management style, can be seen by men as less confident.

Organisations, however, can do a lot to harness these valuable assets by redesigning their leadership structures and building in the attributes of a leader rather than just recognising skills and experience, which more often favours men. This process tends to highlight structural barriers based on values judgements and stereotypes, which once removed will benefit everyone.

Research conducted by the Centre for Gender Economics and Innovation worldwide shows a clear link between improved gender diversity and business performance. It’s common-sense but many organisations are still unsure how to increase gender balance. This is because they continue to look at the same old human resource solutions rather than looking more broadly at how they have arrived at their current position and then over lay that with a gender lens – this is Gender Economics.

Gender diversity remains one of the great frontiers in unlocking business underperformance and setting up a business culture for performance. It’s the next business transformation.

See the original article here http://www.womensagenda.com.au/talking-about/opinions/rio-tinto-boss-sam-walsh-is-right-but-women-s-confidence-isn-t-to-blame/201507065980#.VZnIdxuqpBc